Freediving helps you relax, reduces stress and lets you see a magnificent world. This activity mobilises many muscles. Such exercise improves your physical condition. Above all, it strengthens the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems. Freediving has also interesting psychological benefits. You overcome your fears and ask yourself the right questions during the session. This good habit will have repercussions on your personal, social and professional life. Appropriate gear helps you attain your goal. What are the Essential equipment for freediving ? Let's take a look.

The wetsuit offers protection and comfort

Wetsuit is essential for freediving. Whatever the environment, in United states or another country, protection is vital. Manufacturers offer models to suit all types of diving, whether in the pool or in the sea. The version varies according to depth, water temperature and activity.

Neoprene is renowned for its insulating properties. There are several thicknesses to choose from. The thickness of the suit depends on the temperature. A thick suit guarantees excellent protection when the water is cold. Select a 3 mm suit if the water temperature rises above 24°C. You need 7 mm if it's between 10 and 18°C. After this feature, the speed of the putting on is another criteria for comparison. Neoprene plush is quick to put on while split neoprene requires soapy water.

Fins make movement easier

Fins are divided into three categories according to the material of their blade: pvc plastic, fibreglass and carbon fibre. Each version has its own qualities. The choice depends on your level and frequency of use. Robust and solid, the plastic model is best suited to beginners, while specialists maximise their performance with fibreglass fins. These features make it easy to choose. Your size and power refine the choice. Longer fins produce more power without too much effort and footed fins ameliorate hydrodynamics. They optimise power transfer. Hard fins require a high level of finning. Make sure your fins fit properly, too tight equipment increases risk of cramp.

The mask, an essential equipment

Being underwater for long periods irritates the eyes. A scuba mask protects your eyes so that you can open them without risking your health. A dual porthole mask increases comfort. A good fit also reduces internal volume. However, if you want a wider field of vision, it's best to opt for a version with single porthole. Brands have launched specific anti-fog ranges. The application of specific products also prevents this phenomenon. A compact design reduces air loss and prevents mask plating. Manufacturers offer a wide range of models. Take time to select a mask suited to the shape of your face by carrying out several trials.  A simple test consists of putting the mask on your nose, without the strap, before holding your breath. If the mask stays in place, it's the right size.

Ballast helps you achieve your goals

Ballast reduces physical effort. Testing learn you to determine the right weight. Too heavy ballast will hinder your progression. You can choose between two categories: harnesses and belts. Freediving harnesses improve hydrodynamics. The weight is spreaded evenly over different zones of your body. You can fill them with pellet or standard lead. The belts are equipped with hip weights. Their curve is adapted to your body shape. Brands offer fabric or rubber belts. Like neoprene, rubber shrinks with depth, it ensure a snug fit. Pay particular attention to the release system. You need a quick release mechanism in the event of a problem. This allows the diver return to the surface quickly.

These accessories enhance safety

A reliable computer makes freediving safer

The freediving computer provides essential information such as depth, water temperature and time spent underwater. This data helps the freediver to prepare properly and to make the right decision. Surface interval time indicates the time spent in the open air between two sessions. Sufficient rest reduces the risks and maximises the sensations. A stopwatch, countdown timer and alarm are great extras.

Snorkel preserves your space

Snorkel has been used for more over 2000 years. It helps you breathing and your partner can keep a close watch on you while you're underwater. Choose comfortable snorkel. A soft silicone mouthpiece is discreet. Opt also for a simple, straight or slightly curved bore. Take the time to check the fastening method and the flotation system. A bright colour make the survey easier when a dark tone preserves the tranquillity of the fish.

Signalling devices increases safety

Even if your partner remains on the surface, a signalling device increases safety. Buoys, halyards, lanyards and karabiners fulfil this role. In addition to visibility, it's important that the buoy has a small space where the diver can place his equipment and drinking water.

These scuba accessories make all the difference. Slippers, gloves and lycras reduce heat loss and increase comfort. They improve your freediving performance. Special bags make the transport of your equipment easier.